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Selasa, 07 September 2010

PEMENANG HADIAH NOBEL DI BIDANG FISIKA

1901
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
1902
Hendrik Lorentz, Pieter Zeeman
1903
Henri Becquerel, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie
1904
Lord Rayleigh
1905
Philipp Lenard
1906
J. J. Thomson
1907
Albert A. Michelson
1908
Gabriel Lippmann
1909
Guglielmo Marconi, Ferdinand Braun
1910
Johannes Diderik van der Waals
1911
Wilhelm Wien
1912
Gustaf Dalén
1913
Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
1914
Max von Laue
1915
William Bragg, Lawrence Bragg
1916
(no award)
1917
Charles Glover Barkla
1918
Max Planck
1919
Johannes Stark
1920
Charles Édouard Guillaume
1921
Albert Einstein
1922
Niels Bohr
1923
Robert A. Millikan
1924
Manne Siegbahn
1925
James Franck, Gustav Hertz
1926
Jean Perrin
1927
Arthur H. Compton, C. T. R. Wilson
1928
Owen Willans Richardson
1929
Louis de Broglie
1930
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
1931
(no award)
1932
Werner Heisenberg
1933
Erwin Schrödinger, Paul Dirac
1934
(no award)
1935
James Chadwick
1936
Victor Francis Hess, Carl David Anderson
1937
Clinton Davisson, George Paget Thomson
1938
Enrico Fermi
1939
Ernest Lawrence
1940
(no award)
1941
(no award)
1942
(no award)
1943
Otto Stern
1944
Isidor Isaac Rabi
1945
Wolfgang Pauli
1946
Percy Williams Bridgman
1947
Edward Victor Appleton
1948
Patrick M. S. Blackett
1949
Hideki Yukawa
1950
Cecil Powell
1951
John Cockcroft, Ernest T. S. Walton
1952
Felix Bloch, E. M. Purcell
1953
Frits Zernike
1954
Max Born, Walther Bothe
1955
Willis Lamb, Polykarp Kusch
1956
William Shockley, John Bardeen, Walter H. Brattain
1957
Chen Ning Yang, Tsung-Dao Lee
1958
Pavel A. Cherenkov, Ilya M. Frank, Igor Y. Tamm
1959
Emilio Segrè, Owen Chamberlain
1960
Donald A. Glaser
1961
Robert Hofstadter, Rudolf Mössbauer
1962
Lev Landau
1963
Eugene Wigner, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, J. Hans D. Jensen
1964
Charles H. Townes, Nikolay G. Basov, Aleksandr M. Prokhorov
1965
Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger, Richard Feynman
1966
Alfred Kastler
1967
Hans Bethe
1968
Luis W. Alvarez
1969
Murray Gell-Mann
1970
Hannes Alfvén, Louis Néel
1971
Dennis Gabor
1972
John Bardeen, Leon N. Cooper, Robert Schrieffer
1973
Leo Esaki, Ivar Giaever, Brian D. Josephson
1974
Martin Ryle, Antony Hewish
1975
Aage N. Bohr, Ben R. Mottelson, James Rainwater
1976
Burton Richter, Samuel C. C. Ting
1977
Philip W. Anderson, Nevill F. Mott, John H. van Vleck
1978
Pyotr Kapitsa, Arno Penzias, Robert Woodrow Wilson
1979
Sheldon Glashow, Abdus Salam, Steven Weinberg
1980
James W. Cronin, Val Fitch
1981
Nicolaas Bloembergen, Arthur L. Schawlow, Kai M. Siegbahn
1982
Kenneth G. Wilson
1983
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, William A. Fowler
1984
Carlo Rubbia, Simon van der Meer
1985
Klaus von Klitzing
1986
Ernst Ruska, Gerd Binnig, Heinrich Rohrer
1987
J. Georg Bednorz, K. Alex Müller
1988
Leon M. Lederman, Melvin Schwartz, Jack Steinberger
1989
Norman F. Ramsey, Hans G. Dehmelt, Wolfgang Paul
1990
Jerome I. Friedman, Henry W. Kendall, Richard E. Taylor
1991
Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
1992
Georges Charpak
1993
Russell A. Hulse, Joseph H. Taylor, Jr.
1994
Bertram N. Brockhouse, Clifford G. Shull
1995
Martin L. Perl, Frederick Reines
1996
David M. Lee, Douglas D. Osheroff, Robert C. Richardson
1997
Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, William D. Phillips
1998
Robert B. Laughlin, Horst L. Störmer, Daniel C. Tsui
1999
Gerardus 't Hooft, Martinus J.G. Veltman
2000
Zhores I. Alferov, Herbert Kroemer, Jack S. Kilby
2001
Eric A. Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterle, Carl E. Wieman
2002
Raymond Davis, Jr., Masatoshi Koshiba, Riccardo Giacconi
2003
Alexei A. Abrikosov, Vitaly L. Ginzburg, Anthony J. Leggett
2004
David J. Gross, H. David Politzer, Frank Wilczek
2005
Roy J. Glauber, John L. Hall, Theodor W. Hänsch
2006
John C. Mather, George F. Smoot
2007
Albert Fert, Peter Grünberg
2008
Toshihide Maskawa, Yoichiro Nambu
2009
Charles K. Kao, Willard S. Boyle, George E. Smith

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